Rwanda is a poor rural country, situated in the Great Lakes
Region, Central Africa with about 90% of the population engaged in (mainly subsistence)
agriculture. It is the most densely populated country in Africa (328, 36/inhabitants/sq km) and is
landlocked with a total of 893 km of land boundaries. The border countries are:
Tanzania(East): 217 km
Democratic Republic of Congo(West):
Uganda(North): 169 km
The country has few natural resources and minimal industry.
Primary foreign exchange earners are coffee and tea. The 1994 genocide decimated Rwanda's fragile economic
base, severely impoverished the population, particularly women, and eroded the country's ability to attract
private and external investment.
However, Rwanda has made substantial progress in stabilizing and
rehabilitating its economy to pre-1994 levels, although poverty is still rampant. Despite Rwanda's fertile
ecosystem, food production often does not keep speed with population growth, requiring food imports. Rwanda
continues to receive substantial aid money and obtained IMF-World Bank Heavily Indebted Poor Country (HIPC)
initiative debt relief in 2005.
Nevertheless, the Primary objective of the nation, is among other
things, to fight against poverty.
Age structure:0-14 years: 41.9% (male 1,817,998/female 1,802,134)
15-64 years: 55.6% (male 2,392,778/female
65 years and over: 2.5% (male 87,325/female
The year 2011 marks the 17th commemoration of the Genocide. It
is necessary to remember that more than one million innocent people were murdered during the
genocide of 1994, which also left behind many traumatized survivors especially widows and orphans.
Moreover, a number of women were infected with HIV/AIDS due to rape.